In the year 638 the army of the Orthodox Caliphate arrived at the gates of Jerusalem. According to legend the Patriarch of Jerusalem, Sofronius, offered the peaceful surrender of the city on condition that the Caliph received it in person. When Caliph Omar entered Jerusalem, Sofronius invited him to pray at the Holy Sepulcher. Omar declined to prevent the Holy Sepulcher from becoming sacred to Muslims and could be expropriated to Christians. Instead he prayed outside the church. In honor of this event was built the Mosque of Omar in the 10th century. The current building dates back to the 19th century, and was built by the Ottomans. The minaret of the mosque was erected higher than the domes of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher to demonstrate who rules.
Thank you, and good night!
via 500px http://ift.tt/2q1gqsS